US President Donald Trump has sparked outrage after he was reported to have used crude language to describe foreign countries in an Oval Office meeting.
Mr Trump said he did not say “anything derogatory” about Haitians and appeared to deny calling any countries “shitholes”, as was reported, generating a worldwide backlash.
However, Democratic Senator Dick Durbin said Mr Trump used “racist” language.
The president did call some African nations “shitholes”, he said.
Amid widespread coverage of his reported remarks at a private meeting with lawmakers to discuss immigration on Thursday, Mr Trump on Friday tweeted his language at the meeting “was tough, but this was not the language used”.
Many US media outlets reported the comments on Thursday, quoting witnesses or people briefed on the meeting. The White House did not deny them.
“I cannot believe that in the history of the White House, in that Oval Office, any president has ever spoken the words that I personally heard our president speak yesterday,” Mr Durbin told reporters on Friday.
Mr Trump ignored press questions about the issue as he signed a proclamation declaring a holiday in honour of civil rights hero Martin Luther King Jr. – as presidents do every year.
He said Americans were celebrating that “self-evident truth” that “no matter what the colour of our skin or the place of our birth, we are all created equal by God”.
What was the context for the comments?
Mr Trump’s reported remarks came as both Republican and Democratic lawmakers visited him on Thursday to propose a deal on immigration.
Mr Trump was said to have told them that instead of granting temporary residency to citizens of countries hit by natural disasters, war or epidemics, the US should instead be taking in migrants from countries like Norway.
“Why are we having all these people from shithole countries come here?” the Washington Post quoted him as saying, in remarks first reported to be about Haiti, El Salvador and African nations.
- How countries have reacted
- What has Trump said about your country?
Mr Durbin said that when Mr Trump was told that the largest groups of immigrants with Temporary Protected Status (TPS) were from El Salvador, Honduras and Haiti, the president responded: “Haitians? Do we need more Haitians?”
But in another tweet on Friday the president denied that he insulted Haitians.
Never said anything derogatory about Haitians other than Haiti is, obviously, a very poor and troubled country. Never said “take them out.” Made up by Dems. I have a wonderful relationship with Haitians. Probably should record future meetings – unfortunately, no trust!
— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) January 12, 2018
What was the global reaction?
- Botswana summoned the US ambassador to “express its displeasure” at what it called “highly irresponsible, reprehensible and racist” comments
- It asked the ambassador “to clarify if Botswana is regarded as a ‘shithole’ country given that there are Botswana nationals residing in the US”
- The African Union said it was “frankly alarmed” by Mr Trump’s statement
- UN human rights spokesman Rupert Colville said the comments, if confirmed, were “shocking and shameful”, adding: “I’m sorry but there is no other word for this but racist.”
- Haiti’s US Ambassador Paul Altidor told the BBC the idea that “we’re simply immigrants who come here to take advantage of the US” is wrong.
And in the US?
- The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) accused the president of falling “deeper and deeper into the rabbit hole of racism and xenophobia”
- Mia Love, a Utah Republican and the only Haitian-American in Congress, demanded an apology from Mr Trump for the “unkind, divisive, elitist” comments
- Black Democrat lawmaker Cedric Richmond said the comments were “further proof that his Make America Great Again agenda is really a Make America White Again agenda”
- But Steve King, a right-wing Republican Congressman from Iowa, backed the president in a tweet:
What is happening in US immigration?
In recent weeks, the Trump administration has been trying to limit the number of family members of immigrants who can enter the US, and has moved to end the protected status of thousands already in the country.
The meeting on Thursday was called to discuss a bipartisan proposal that would impose new restrictions but protect the so-called “Dreamers” – hundreds of thousands immigrants brought to the US illegally as children – from deportation.
Lawmakers reportedly proposed restoring TPS permits for certain countries, allowing their residents to remain because their home countries are temporarily unsafe for them.
To try to secure presidential approval, the lawmakers were said to have earmarked $1.5bn (£1.1bn) for a wall that Mr Trump wants built on the US border with Mexico.
On Friday, Mr Trump tweeted that the deal offered to him was “a big step backwards” that would not “properly” fund the wall and would force the US to take “large numbers of people from high-crime countries which are doing badly”.
This week the Trump administration announced it was withdrawing TPS from more than 200,000 people from El Salvador who were granted provisional residency after an earthquake devastated the Central American country in 2001.
TPS permits have already been withdrawn from Haitians and Nicaraguans.
More on Trump’s first year
- 11 things we never said before Trump
- Trump defeat still haunts Democratic voters
- What will Trump impact be on world trade?
- What promises has Trump kept as president?
How was the slur reported?
The Washington Post broke the story with the word “shithole” in its headline and in the alert that the paper sent out to followers’ smartphones.
On US TV, some broadcasters gave content warnings or avoided saying the word altogether. Fox News used asterisks to obscure the offensive word along the bottom of the screen, but CNN and MSNBC carried it in full.
Around the world, journalists reporting in other languages faced the question of how to translate what Mr Trump had said.
- In French, headlines featured “pays de merde”, using the expletive to refer to the countries but without the word “hole”
- In Spanish, “países de mierda” was used, similar to the French, as well as “países de porquería”, which means “trash countries”
- In German, “Drecksloch” , which literally means dirt hole but like the word used by Mr Trump is considered vulgar
- In Dutch, one newspaper used “achterlijk” (backward) as its headline
- In Japanese, a word that translates as “outdoor toilet” was used
- In Portuguese, one outlet used a word that translates as ‘pigsty’, while others translated the quote literally